Key figures for Champagne

Human factors
15,800wine growers
4,461 exporter winegrowers
39 cooperatives
300 Champagne houses
90 % of the vineyard is owned by winemakers

Production area
33,805 hectares including:
22,454 in laMarne
7,992 in l’Aubeandla Haute-Marne
3,359 in l’Aisneand la Seine-et-Marne

Vineyard owners
Areas owned by the winemakers: 29.917 ha
Areas owned by Champagne houses: 3.433 ha

The structures
Number of declarants: 20.540
Number of wine growers: 15.693
Average area of the exploitation: 2.18 ha

Nombre d’exploitation : 3.750

Grape varieties
Pinot noir: 38 %
Meunier: 31 %
Chardonnay: 31 %

268 million bottles
Yield = 9,164 kg/hectare

1,478 million bottles (including reserve)
(31st July 2016)

4.7 billion euros including 2.6 with export

15,954,272 bottles (52 %) including:
89,836,252 by Champagne houses (57 %)
68,118,020 by wine growers and cooperatives (43%)

148,082,097 bottles (48 %) including:
129,559,093 by Champagne houses (87 %)
18,523,004 by wine growers and cooperatives (13%)

306,036,369 bottles
219,395,345 by Champagne houses (72%)
86,641,024 by wine growers and cooperatives (28%)

Top 10 of external markets
1.United Kingdom 31,189,753
2.. USA 21,805,677
3.Germany 1,248,572
4. Japan 10,948,555
5.Belgium 8,331,410
6.Australia 7,835,968
5. Italia 6,632,788
8. Switzerland 5,700,367
9. Spain 3,994,176
10. Sweden 2,966,876

Ranking of Premiers & Grands Crus in Champagne
Ranking of the 312 municipalities which produce Champagne.

17 villages classified as Grand Cru

Only ownershaving all of their lands in one or several villages classifies as «Grands Crus » are allowed to indicate it on their labels.
Here is the list: Ambonnay, Avize, Ay,Beaumont-sur-Vesle, Bouzy, Chouilly, Cramant, Louvois, Mailly-Champagne, Le Mesnil-sur- Oger, Oger, Oiry, Puisieulx, Sillery, Tours-sur-Marne, Verzenay, Verzy.
The ranking is based on criteria of underground, slope and exposure.

44 villages classified as Premier Cru
Only owners having all oftheirlands in one or several villages classified as « Premiers Crus » are allowed to indicate it on their labels.

Here is the list: Avenay, Bergères-les-Vertus, Bezannes, Billy le Grand, Bisseuil, Chamery, Champillon, Chignyles Roses, Chouil- ly(PN), Coligny (CH), Cormontreuil, Coulommes la Montagne, Cuis, Cumières, Dizy, Ecueil, Etrechy (CH), Grauves, Hautvillers, Jouyles Reims, Les Mesneus, Ludes, Mareuil sur Aÿ, Montbré, Mu- tigny, Pargny les Reims, Pierry, Rillyla Montagne, Sacy, Sermiers, Taissy, Tauxières, Tours-sur-Marne (CH), Trépail, Trois Puits, Vau- demanges, Vertus, Villedommange, Villeneuve Renneville, Villers Allerand, Villers aux Noeuds, VillersMarmery, Voipreux, Vrigny. PN = Pinot Noir —CH = Chardonnay

251 villages are classified as « Sans Cru »
This denomination is currently used. The consequence of this ranking is the market value of the grapes, produced in each villages, based on their quality. With regard to the basic price decided for the whole Champagne, the real price by kilo will be fixed between 80 and 89% of the basic price for the grape « sans cru », between 90 and 99% for Premiers Crus and 100% for Grands Crus. Crus of Champagne can be represented by villages which constitute the AOP. These villages are classified in a ranking of crus in percent of quality. Then there are 17 Grands Crus at 100%, 44 Premiers Crus between 90 and 99% and the other crus without distinction, only AOP Champagne. A crus represents the specificities of a terroir because each village has its own climate and ground. Those elements are essential to make Champagne, besides the grape variety.