Key figures for Champagne

Human factors
16 000 wine growers
4.461 exporter winegrowers
140 cooperatives
340 Champagne houses
90 % of the vineyard is owned by winemakers

Production area
33.868 hectares including:
22.488 in la Marne
8.019 in l’Aubeand la Haute-Marne
3.361 in l’Aisneand laSeine-et-Marne

Vineyard owners
Areas owned by the winemakers: 29.917 ha
Areas owned by Champagne houses: 3.433 ha

The structures
Number of declarants: 20.540
Number of wine growers: 15.693
Average area of the exploitation: 2.18 ha

Nombre d’exploitation : 3.750

Grape varieties
Pinot noir: 38 %
Meunier: 31 %
Chardonnay: 31 %

362 million bottles
Yeld= 12,361 hg/hectare

1 billion bottles

4.9 billion EUR including 2.9 for the export

147.040.904 bottles (49%) including:
83.950.353 by Champagne houses (57%)
63.090.551 by wine growers and cooperatives (43%)

154.834.259 bottles (51.3%) including:
135.391.347 by Champagne houses (87%)
18.523.004 by wine growers and cooperatives (13%)

307.313.3259 bottles
222.503.347 by Champagne houses (72%)
86.641.024 by wine growers and cooperatives (28%)

Top 10 of external markets

1. United Kingdom 26.762.068
2. United-States 23.714.793
3. Japan 13.588.106
4. Germany 12.144.521
5. Belgium 9.029.105
6. Australia 8.383.879
7. Italia 7.362.506
8. Switzerland 5.778.996
9. Spain 4.175.763
10. Sweden 3.164.765

Ranking of Premiers & Grands Crus in Champagne
Ranking of the 319 villages which produce Champagne.

17 villages classified as Grand Cru

Only ownershaving all of their lands in one or several villages classifies as «Grands Crus » are allowed to indicate it on their labels.
Here is the list: Ambonnay, Avize, Ay, Beaumont-sur- Vesle, Bouzy, Chouilly, Cramant, Louvois, Mailly- Champagne, Le Mesnil-sur- Oger, Oger, Oiry, Puisieulx, Sillery, Tours-sur-Marne, Verzenay, Verzy.
The ranking is based on criteria of underground, slope and exposure.

44 villages classified as Premier Cru
Only owners having all oftheirlands in one or several villages classified as « Premiers Crus » are allowed to indicate it on their labels.

Here is the list: Avenay, Bergères-les-Vertus, Bezannes, Billy le Grand, Bisseuil, Chamery, Champillon, Chignyles Roses, Chouil- ly(PN), Coligny (CH), Cormontreuil, Coulommesla Montagne, Cuis, Cumières, Dizy, Ecueil, Etrechy(CH), Grauves, Hautvillers, Jouyles Reims, Les Mesneus, Ludes, Mareuilsur Aÿ, Montbré, Mu-tigny, Pargnyles Reims, Pierry, Rillyla Montagne, Sacy, Ser- miers, Taissy, Tauxières, Tours-sur-Marne (CH), Trépail, Trois Puits, Vau-demanges, Vertus, Villedommange, Villeneuve Renne- ville, VillersAllerand, Villersaux Noeuds, VillersMarmery, Voi- preux, Vrigny. PN = Pinot Noir — CH = Chardonnay.

251 villages are classified as « Sans Cru »
This denomination is very often used. As a result of this ranking there is a market value of the grapes, produced in each villages, based on their quality. With regard to the basic price decided for the whole Champagne, the real price per kilo will be fixed between 80 and 89% of the basic price for the grape «sans cru», between 90 and 99% for Premiers Crus and 100% for Grands Crus. Crus of Champagne can be represented by villages which consti- tute the AOP. These villages are classified in a ranking of crus in percent of quality. Then there are 17 Grands Crus at 100%, 44 Pre- miers Crus between 90 and 99% and the other crus without dis- tinction, only AOP Champagne. A crus represents the specificities of a terroir because each village has its own climate and soil. Those elements are essential to make Champagne, in addition to the grape variety.